As the Phrygians advanced eastwards through
Anatolia in the 8th century BC, conquering the
Hittite cities one by one, the Hittites established
feudal kingdoms in southeast Anatolia, and under
one of these, the Sam'al kingdom, the quarry
and workshop went into production again. However,
when this kingdom was destroyed by the Assyrians,
the sound of hammers and chisels fell silent
once again. Some historians believe that the
stone masons were probably carried off by the
Assyrians to work on their own monuments, perhaps
as slaves. What a tragic fate for these craftsmen!
As you wander through the grassy site you come
across sphinxes and lions made to stand at the
gates of Hittite cities, as they did in Alacahoyuk
and Hattusas, reliefs depicting the mountain
god, and carved stones for buildings.
The sphinxes have womn'se heads and lion bodies.
Just one completed sphinx has so far been discovered