Prof Dr Bekir Onur explains that the museum has two main functions; one to preserve examples of traditional toys that are disappearing in tody'sp world of rapid social change, and the second to conduct research into industrial, cultural and educational history through the medium of toys. The toys in the museum are classified into five main categories. The first consists of traditional toys, either home-made or the work of local craftsmen, that were available to almost every child, such as rag dolls, kites, catapults, hoops, and objects made of baked clay such as money boxes, figures of animals and whistles in the form of jugs.
The second category consists of factory made toys, the earliest of which date from 1938. These are subdivided according to the material, wooden toys being the oldest type in this category, and include carts, push-along toys and tops. Although tin toys are no longer made in the western countries, they are still being produced in Turkey, and include cars, trains, airplanes, trucks, kitchen equipment, and models of soldiers and animals.