Along the banks of the Euphrates, gardens and
orchard flourished even in the blazing heat
of summer, and fish species unique to the river
inhabited its waters. The Euphrates, which rises
on the high plateaus to the north of Zeugma,
has given birth to a succession of civilisations,
nourished them with its flora and fauna, and
brought them prosperity since prehistoric times.
The Euphrates flows to the east of the Turkish
city of Gaziantep, which lies at the centre
of the area of Upper Mesopotamia known as the
Fertile Crescent. In the Middle Paleolithic
Age, when Neanderthal man was spreading around
the world, the conducive conditions here made
Gaziantep an important centre of human settlement.
In the area stretching westwards from the banks
of the Euphrates to Islahiye Plain are the traces
of many civilisations, including the renowned
archaeological sites of Kargamis, Zincirli,
Tilmen Höyük and Sakçagözü.