The Hellenistic and Roman sculptures at the Istanbul
Archaeological Museums chronicle the history of
their time in stone.
As in all the civilisations of antiquity, in Greece
too beliefs were influential in every aspect of
life. Accordingly Greek sculpture arose and developed
in conjunction with religious needs. Due to this
influence, in the early periods especially (Greek
Archaic period, 7th-6th century B.C.), the sculptures
of the Greek artists are static. But the Greeks,
who created the gods and their adventures based
on their own world as a model, regarded the human
body as partaking of the divine and, after this
early period, created sculptures of ideal proportions
in which the problem of the static was overcome.
The principal types of sculpture of the early period
are statues of young men, known as ‘kouros’,
and of young women, known as ‘kore’,
made under essentially Egyptian influence.