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Contents / Beacons of the sea Lighthouses
Taking their Turkish name, 'fener', from ancient Alexandria's Pharos, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, lighthouses are the sailor's faithful friend.
For centuries mariners have found their way by looking at the stars. For them the tiny rays stars transmit are as important as their actual position in the sky. Over time however light sources illuminating the sea from land became mariners' guides, safeguarding especially navigators sailing close to shore from disaster. Developing technology has of course gradually reduced the need for such guides today. Yes, we are talking about lighthouses. Those white towers which while sustaining an, albeit nostalgic, existence are regarded today as an historic legacy in many parts of the world.

The first known lighthouse was built by the Phoenicians at Sigeon (today's Çanakkale-Kumkale) in the 7th century B.C. The lighthouse at Alexandria, one of the most imposing structures of antiquity, was built by Sostrates of Cnidus on the island of Pharos in 280 B.C.
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