Diverse fossils dating from the Palaeozoic and
Mesozoic eras are to be found in the area, whose
limestone bedrock and porous soil layer suggest
that it was once covered by sea.
The vegetation varies according to the altitude.
Junipers, which are found scattered amongst
the cedars in the lower part of the forest,
outnumber other species at heights over 2000
metres. Besides the bluish green cedars the
forests here are home to prickly juniper, Grecian
juniper, stinking juniper, oak, maple, ash and
poplar, and to a rich diversity of wildlife,
including rabbits, foxes, partridges, wild boar,
eagles and buzzards. When spring comes the aspens,
sweet williams, violets and deadnettles transform
the forest into heaven on earth. One of the
most ancient inhabitants of Çiglikara is a tree
known as Baba Sedir whose age is estimated at
around one thousand years.