Mustafa Kemal Atatürk is a name that is sealed on the
20th century. He was a leader renowned for his bravery
and revolutionary leadership. The War of Independence
and the Republic of Turkey established by Atatürk
stand out as an immortal monument of the Turkish nation
for freedom and independence. When it was decided
to build a world class memorial to the genius who
lives eternally deep in the hearts of the Turkish
nation, various hilly locations in Ankara were considered
as possible sites. Among those choices were Çankaya
where Atatürk had lived in the presidential palace,
Ankara Castle, Youth Park, Forest Farm and ‘Rasattepe’.
The latter, Rasattepe, was deemed most logical. It
was an impressive area standing at the gateway of
Ankara and, like Çankaya and Ankara Castle,
it was set between two hills.
At first, a 542,000 square metre area was expropirated,
this was extended to 671,000, and in the end the area
was widened to 750,000 square metres. A commission
was formed to determine the characteristics of the
tomb of Atatürk in Ankara.