75 Years

THE WORLD
1933
The first non-stop flight from England to South Africa is made on 6 February.

THY
1933
Under its then-name, ‘State Airlines', Turkish Airlines is founded in Ankara on 20 May as part of the Ministry of Defense and goes into operation with five aircraft - two Junkers, two Kingbirds, and one ATH-9 - with a total of 28 seats, and 24 employees - 7 pilots, 8 mechanics, 8 officials and one wireless operator.

THE WORLD
1935
The legendary DC-3 takes to the skies and the first scheduled mail flight is made over the Pacific Ocean.

THY
1935
The State Airlines is placed under the Ministry of Public Works. Maintenance hangars are built at Ankara Güvercinlik Airport. The organization Türkkuşu ('Turkish Bird') is founded to win young people over to aviation and train qualified personnel.

THE WORLD
1936
The Montreux Straits Convention is signed giving Turkey complete control over the Bosporus and the Dardanelles. The first Spitfire is flown in England.

THY
1936
Şevket Arı is appointed to head State Airlines, and with the new aircraft purchased by the Airline Administration the number of planes rises to 8 and the number of seats to 64. The budget is raised to one million Turkish liras and Izmir is added to the flight destinations.

THE WORLD
1938
The first commercial flight over the north Atlantic is made on 20-21 July.

THY
1938
The airline is renamed the ‘State Airline General Directorate’ and a year later its activities are placed under the Ministry of Transport. Retired pilot and staff colonel Ferruh Şahinbaş, the longest-serving General Director in the history of the airline, begins his term which wills last eight years.

THE WORLD
1939
The Second World War begins. Dr. Refik Saydam becomes Prime Minister and İsmet İnönü President of Turkey.

THE WORLD
1941
The Japanese Imperial Fleet stages a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December. The U.S. enters the Second World War.

THE WORLD
1942
The film ‘Casablanca', which tells the story of the worldwide struggle against the Nazis, premiers in Hollywood.

THY
1942
Offering service now with 14 airplanes and 100 seats, the State Airline begins flying to Elazığ and Erzurum.

THE WORLD
1943
Helmut Schenk became the first person to escape from an aircraft with and ejection seat. Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first American President to fly when he travels secretly to Casablanca for a war council with Winston Churchill. Roosevelt’s plane is a C-54C, also known as a ‘Sacred Cow'.

THY
1943
Six De-Havilland Domini’s and, a year later, 5 Junkers-type aircraft are added to the State Airline’s fleet, bringing the number of seats to 185.

THE WORLD
1944
The ottoman debt administration, founded in 1881, is finally dissolved.

THY
1944
Representatives of 52 countries come together in Chicago in 7 December to sign the Convention on International Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is formed which works to make air transport safer and better regulated.

THE WORLD
1945
Atom bombs are dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The Second World War ends. Significant strides are made in the area of military aviation. The wartime experience gained in the development of jet engines, air power and speed is adapted to civil and commercial aviation. Within a few years, several airlines are founded that carry passengers and goods to many parts of the world.

THY
1945
This is a year of important developments in the airline. The fleet is expanded to 52 airplanes with the purchase of 30 DC-3’s from the U.S., and the number of seats rises to 845. New routes are opened up and the domestic flight network is expanded from three to
19 cities.

THE WORLD
1946
The ejection seat is used for the first time in a collision in the air. The Saab 21 is the first plane to be equipped with an ejectin seat.
 
THY
1946
The name of the State Airlines undergoes a slight change, and retired flight colonel Osman Nuri Baykal is appointed to head it.

THE WORLD
1947
The rocket-powered BEll XS-1 reconnaissance plane is the first in the world to break the sound barrier.
 
THY
1947
The first international route is opened on 12 February and flights to Athens get under way. A Catering Department goes into operation as a unit of the State Airline.

THE WORLD
1953
Flying a North American F-86 Sabre jet, the American Jacqueline Cochran becomes the first woman in the world to fly at the speed of sound.

THY
1953
The State Airline Administration makes its first flights to Mecca for the annual Islamic pilgrimage. Yeşilköy Airport, construction of which commenced following the Chicago Convention, is completed and opened to international air traffic.

THE WORLD
1955
The musical version of Peter Pan is shown for the first time on NBC television. The first musical to be broadcast on TV, the program is watched by a wide viewing audience and becomes one of the first television classics.

THY
1955
Incorporated as a company governed by special legal regulations under Law no. 6623, Turkish Airlines continues its operations, now under the name ‘Turkish Airlines, Incorporated'.  Heron model aircraft are added to the fleet.

THE WORLD
1992
The Schengen Agreement goes into effect on 1 January. The new Galata Bridge opens.

THY
1992
Raising its capital to 2.5 trillion liras, Turkish Airlines returns the propeller planes it had taken over from the Turkish Air Transport (THT) company in 1990 and buys RJ-100 planes, which are suitable for takeoff and landing at smaller airports as well as being usable at risky airports. Six B-737-400’s and two B-737-300’s join the fleet.

THE WORLD
2000
At the beginning of the 2000’s, airlines begin to seek partnership agreements and avenues of cooperation known as ‘alliances’ in order to meet rising fuel costs and the demand for increasingly higher standards. Ahmet Necdet Sezer becomes Turkey’s 10th President on 5 May.

THY
2000
At the beginning of the 2000’s, airlines begin to seek partnership agreements and avenues of cooperation known as ‘alliances’ in order to meet rising fuel costs and the demand for increasingly higher standards. Ahmet Necdet Sezer becomes Turkey’s 10th President on 5 May.

THE WORLD
2005
Following a decision taken in Luxembourg the eu starts membership negotiations with Turkey. George W. Bush is inaugurated 43rd president of the united states.

THY
2005
The Vice-President of Turkish Technic Inc., Temel Kotil, Ph.D., takes over the presidency of Turkish Airlines and Dr. Candan Karlıtekin is elected Chairman of the Board of Directors in April. In the same year passenger seat occupancy reaches 68.9% for the first time.

THY
2008
Joining the world’s largest airline alliance on 1 April through an agreement with Star Alliance, Turkish Airlines celebrates the 75th anniversary of its founding.