A City For All Seasons

It took alp Alper exactly six years to complete his book, ‘Istanbul, a city for all seasons’, an extraordinary work like none produced up to now. The aim of the book, which is based on the concept of Istanbul as seen from the air in all four seasons, was to document the city’s changing face around the year and contribute to preserving its monuments as a world heritage.

Fenerbahçe takes its name from the lighthouse that once stood at the western tip of today’s peninsula. Appearing as Kelemiç in the Ottoman sources, the area came to be called Fener Garden after the lighthouse was built there in 1562.

Melancholy descends over the old waterfront mansions with the arrival of autumn. Uneasy breezes flit through the tree branches. The Bosphorus enters autumn mode and everything slowly turns a mournful yellow. Boats wait passenger-less at the landings and autumn is felt in every gust of wind.

The Hagia Sophia is the creation of two Anatolian architects, Isidoros of Miletus and Anthemios of Aydın. The church, construction of which was undertaken at the behest of the Emperor Justinian, was completed in five years. Historic Peninsula: exhibiting traces of life going back to 6,500 B.C., it is the heart of Istanbul, one of the world’s oldest cities, and capital of three empires from the Eastern Roman to the Ottoman.

According to German law historian Richard Honig, a university once stood on the hill where Istanbul University is located today. The central building of today’s university was built by an engineer, Ali Paşa, in 1865 as the Ottoman Empire’s War Ministry.

The history of the Islands begins with the Byzantines. They were referred to in western sources as ‘the Prince’s Islands’ since several members of the imperial dynasty were imprisoned in monasteries here during the period of the Eastern Roman Empire.