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City Guide : KathmanduKathmandu is the capital city of the Republic of Nepal, which is situated on the spot where mountains of ice meet the fertile plains of India. Kathmandu is also a cultural center. The city is representative of technological development as much ancient traditions. However, its historical appeal is always one step ahead for those coming to visit the city.
Tourist AttractionsThe city of Kathmandu, which has been rapidly developing recently, is full of people who carry the warmth of a small settlement; although it possesses the familiar commotion of metropolitan cities. These people continue, with great loyalty, their ancient traditions today as well; with ceremonies that you may come up against on the streets, avenues, and almost on every corner.
Durbar Square, located at the heart of the city, is the first place to visit. Durbar Square is the focal point of the city from social, religious, and political perspectives; since the time of the Malla kings. This square; where palaces, courtyards, and temples constructed during the Malla era intersect; is on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Four sides of the square are surrounded by tall temples; with two streets connecting the square to the city. There are people on the stairs of the temples at almost every hour of the day. Hanuman Dhoka Royal Palace, the enchanting Taleju Temple, Kumari Ghar-the home of Goddess Kumari, Kathmandu Ganesh also known by the name of Ashok Binayak Temple, and Kal Bhairav the God of wrath are among places you can see in this region. Let us point out that you can also see the Kasthamandap Pagoda which gave the city its name and is said to be made of a single tree, here.
You can see many Buddhist and Hindu temples, which have been put under protection by UNESCO, in one place here. Swapna Bagaicha meaning “Garden of Dreams”; the palace complex Hanuman Dhoka which dates back to the 17th century; Indra Chowk; Itum Bahal which is known as the largest Buddhist courtyard; Jaisi Deval which was the main temple of the old city at one time; Kathesimbhu Stupa located near Thamel Square; Krishna Temple, Mahendreshwar Temple which was built in the 16th century during the rule of Mahendra Malla; Makhan Tole; Machhendranath Temple which holds significance for both Buddhists and Hindus; and Taleju -one of the most impressive temples which even Hindus can enter only during the Dasain Festival are located here. Swayambhunath is a very important Buddhist temple. It is situated on a hill overlooking Kathmandu. Share taxis can be used; which are cheaper. Kopan Monastery, on the other hand, is a very beautiful and grand Buddhist monastery. Those who want to, can attend courses and stay for a certain period of time in the monastery. Transportation to this location is a bit more difficult; therefore taxis can be used.Kathmandu In One Day
Kathmandu, the capital city of the Republic of Nepal, is located on a spot where high mountains and the fertile plains of India meet. In the city, surrounding which there are the most beautiful trekking routes in the world, there are many Buddhist and Hindu temples which have been put under protection by UNESCO. Kathmandu, at the foot of the Himalayas, has a distinctive cultural texture. With its artistic treasures, temples, and back alleys; it is one of the leading routes for travelers.
The heart of Katmandu, a city of temples, is Durbar Square. There are more than 50 temples and historical structures around the square; Hanuman Palace with its 14 courtyards and 14 towers, Pashupatinath which is the national temple of Nepal are located on the bank of the holy Bagmati River which flows into Ganges River. Swapna Bagaicha, meaning “Garden of Dreams”, Jaisi Deval which was the main temple of the old city at one time, Kathesimbhu Stupa near Thamel Square, Krishna Temple, Mahendreshwar Temple which was built in the 16th century, Makhan Tole which used to be Kathmandu's main street at one time; Machhendranath Temple which holds significance for both Buddhists and Hindus, Taleju -one of the most impressive temples which even Hindus can enter only during the Dasain Festival are among important places to visit in this city.
City Tours And Transportatıon
The map of Kathmandu Valley, which you can obtain from the airport and tourism offices, will prove to be very useful. You will quickly realize that some street and road names are missing. For this reason, directions are given using important structures, monuments, temples or other streets. The vicinity of the Thamel region, where tourists are found in concentration, can be explored on foot. Vehicles called rickshaws and taxis are the means of transport that are most commonly used by tourists. Let us point out that share taxis are quite crowded and cheap.
You can head to Bhaktapur, located 13 kilometers east of Kathmandu to see another festival. You can get to this location, which is only a share taxi ride away, in approximately one hour. Let us point out that share taxis are crowded, while taxis cost about 5 dollars. In Bhaktapur;“Bisket Jatra”, also called the New Year festival, lasts for one week. Bhaktapur, which is known as the capital of devotees, is also the best place to see the pottery and painting culture of Nepal. In reality, Bisket Jatra is celebrated all around the country; however it can be said that the most beautiful celebrations take place in Bhaktapur.
In comparison with Kathmandu, Bhaktapur is a better preserved place from an architectural perspective. The streets of Bhaktapur especially reflect Newa architecture. In the square surrounded by temples, although not as large an area as Durbar in Kathmandu, there are 12 temples; most of which were built after the 17th century. People of Bhaktapur pride themselves on belonging to Newars among ethnic groups in Nepal. That is because this location, in contrast to Kathmandu, is a place where north Tibetan Buddhists and southern Hindus have not migrated into. In Bhaktapur, which is much more serene compared to Kathmandu, there is quiet in place of bars and discos.
Durbar, the center of Bhaktapur, is also known as Kingdom Square. As it is a small city, all places are only a few minutes away by walking. Taumadhi and Potter squares are right by Durbar Square. The streets of the city which are adorned with houses with beautiful verandas and courtyards, and narrow passageways are routes to visit in their own right.
Pokhara: Boat rides on Phewa Lake are among musts of Nepal. Barahi Temple is located in the middle of the lake. The Buddhist temple located on the hill of the lake across from the settlement should be visited. This temple, which is also called “World Peace Pagoda” can be reached by first crossing the lake by boat and then walking. It can also be reached by walking around the lake; without using a boat. Gupteshwar Mahadev is one of the largest caves in Pokhara. The waterfall at the end of the cave should definitely be seen. Also on the same route, the villages of Tibetan refugees can be visited. You can go to all these places to visit, by taxi. However, the cheapest option is renting bicycles.
Culture & EntertainmentStupas -Buddhist monuments with a Hindu origin in which relics are kept, bronze sculptures dating back to the 18th century, and certainly the magnificent woodworking are the main elements of the cultural texture of the city.
Kathmandu is a holy center for Hinduism, as well as Buddhism. The two most important temples of Buddhism are located in the city. Mahayana and Vajrayana branches blossomed here. You can head to the Buddhist temple Swayambhunath, which has a bird's-eye view of Kathmandu from a hill. Swayambhunath, one of the oldest Buddhist temples in the world together with Borobodur Temple on Cava Island, should be seen. Although it is not as close to the center for it to be reached by walking; taxis or rickshaws-vehicles resembling motorcycles- can be used to go and see it. If you opt for rickshaws, you can see and explore the streets of Kathmandu more closely.
Swayambhunath Temple, located among trees on top of a hill, dates back to the 500s BC. In order to reach the temple, on both sides of the entrance of which there are statues of Buddha lined up, it is needed to climb 350 stairs. This temple, which bore witness in the 300s to the richest era of Buddhism from a philosophical perspective, is also alluring from an architectural perspective.
Many festivals are organized in Kathmandu throughout the year. Among those, “Buda Jayanti” which is the birthday celebrations of Buddha should be mentioned on its own. Although the date changes according to the Gregorian calendar, it generally falls within the months of May and June. Buddhists determine the date to be the first full moon of the month of Jestha. The center of the celebrations is Swayambhunath Temple. In order to see this event which is quite crowded, it is best to go early in the morning. Otherwise, even just climbing the stairs takes hours. Witnessing this day is very significant from a religious perspective; this is why Buddhists coming in from various places return from here as pilgrims. On the day of celebration, the teeth and hair of Buddha are exhumed from the place where they are buried and shown to people.
Kathmandu is the most expensive city of Nepal; despite that fact, it is possible to find quite reasonably priced and comfortable hotels. In hostels that do not make you search for starred hotels, it is possible to stay in a double room for seven dollars a night. Moreover; after getting to know the city a little bit, very comfortable rooms for even three dollars can be found. In order to do that, it is enough to take a stroll around Thamel; which has completely become a tourism region. Not only hotels; but also all types of restaurants, cafes, and bars are concentrated in this region. Visitors from all around the world, and especially young people, stay in Thamel. Another aspect that attracts young tourists to this place is its quite lively night life.
The highest mountain range in the world, the Himalayas, crosses Nepal from one end to another. The section called Annapurna in the western part hosts the highest number of trekkers in the world every year. The peaks, which are crowded in season which begins in October, loses this volume during monsoon season. In order to participate in trekking in Annapurna, it is needed to go to the city of Pokhara 210 kilometers west of Kathmandu. This journey takes approximately eight hours on narrow two-way roads through mountains; that is of course if there is no landslide or roadwork on the way.
Food & DrinkYou should definitely try the spiced herbal teas brewed with milk. Steamed rice with vegetable soup called dal bhat is consumed everyday in Nepal. Dumplings with vegetables, minced meat, chicken or potatoes called momo are best suited to our taste. Types of pasta are other alternatives to eat for those who are not used to local spices.
As Kathmandu is a very busy and quite touristic city; it is possible to find samples of almost every world cuisine. The Nepali restaurants that the locals opt for are very cheap; however they may not be preferred very much in terms of hygiene and comfort. Aside from intercity traveling, there is no difficulty about dining. In case of long-distance traveling, you should take simple foods like sandwiches with you in advance.
ShoppingIn Nepal, handicrafts should definitely be placed at the top of the shopping list. In addition to being very good-quality; carrying traces of a thousands of years old culture is also quite interesting. Stores located in Thamel, Durbar Square and Durbar Marg are ideal for shopping. Carpets-rugs, jewellery, cashmere textiles, ceramics, pottery, and thin paper that is also called rice paper make up the list of items that are unique to this place.
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Ticket Sales Offices : Kathmandu
|Address||Zion House, Narayan Chour, Naxal,Kathmandu, Nepal, 4163|
|Phone||+977 1 443 8363 / +977 1 443 8436|
Sunday to Friday: 09:30-17:30
|Address||Tribhuvan International Airport, Airlines Complex Building, 1. Floor, Number:213|
|Phone||+977 1 411 3002|
WORKING HOURS: 05:00-13:00 (EVERYDAY)
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Tribhuvan Intl. Airport
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|Phone Code||:||+977 - 1|
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