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City Guide : BeijingSituated close to the north corner of the country, Beijing (formerly Peking in English) is the capital and the second largest city of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The capital is the political, cultural and educational center of PRC.
Tourist AttractionsThe cityscape of Beijing lives an intense modernisation and urbanisation. However, the old face of the city through various historical and scenic attractions is impressive.
The Great Wall of China was constructed to protect the northern border in Ancient Chine. The wall was built and rebuilt throughout its history. The Great Wall is the world's longest human made structure. Today, the Great Wall at Badaling is the most impressive part of the wall.
Forbidden City at Chongwen was the palace of the Imperial China from the second half of 14th to the beginning of 20th century. It takes its name from the condition that the area was closed to the world for about 5 centuries. This architectural highlight covering an area of 720.000 m2 is home to nearly 800 buildings and 9.000 rooms. Most of the structures are from the post 18th century.
Temple of Heaven at Chongwen was constructed in 1420. The complex has two significant aspects. First, the son of Heaven came here to perform solemn rites for good harvests. The Emperors of Ming and Quing Dynasties worshiped Heaven. Second, the Temple of Heaven is an unprecedented architectural structure born out of Ming and Quing art of architecture.
Summer Palace at Haidian covering an area of 2.9 km2 is placed at the bank of Kunming Lake. The entire palace park harbors various, palaces, gardens and many classical Chinese architectures. Royalty stayed here in summer to escape from the heat of the Forbidden City. Three quarters of the complex is water surface.
A great deal of parks are existed at the city. To mention one, Beihai (North Sea) Park is one of the fundamental and cuddle parks in the city. Expanding on an area of 68 hectares, the park lies on the lake. Most of this natural and architectural brilliant is composed of water.
Culture & EntertainmentWan Fung Art Gallery at Chongwen has a collection of 13.000 original masterpieces of the old and modern Chinese culture. The contemporary works of the Chinese artists are found at this art gallery.
Beijing Opera (Peking Opera) is a Chinese opera form. The performances are staged via songs, speeches, dances, gestures, acrobatics and such. The performances are played in drama and musical theater forms.
Beijing People's Art Theater is the spot for drama performances. Although drama is a foreign performing art the national characteristics are added to the plays staged at the theater. Beijing Exhibition Center Theater, the Capital Theater, Tianqiao Theater and Wansheng Theater are some of the other theaters in the city.
Also, a plenty of festivals and cultural events are held at the city. Beijing Spring Festival (usually January-February), Lantern Festival (two weeks after the Spring Fest) and Moon Festival (around September/October) are the fundamental events held in the city.
Cycling, ice skating, running, rock climbing, golf and the other main sport activities are possible to be performed at the city.
The transformation that the city is experiencing shows itself in the nightlife of Beijing, as well. Lots of theme pubs and bars have been opened at the city. Likewise, the hotel bars and discos offer different night entertainment experiences.
Food & DrinkBeijing cuisine (Mandarin cuisine) is based on all cooking techniques: Baking, boiling, frying, roasting and so. Beijing Roast Duck is the most popular dish of the city cuisine. You should absolutely taste this palate.
Local snacks are pretty popular. Douzhi (bean juice), Jiaoquan (fried rolls), Niangao (sticky rice) and Aiwowo (sticky rice, sesame seeds, peach kernels, melon seeds and sugar) are among the main sorts of snacks peculiar to the city.
Garlic, ginger, leeks, pork, spring onions, bean sauce, different spices, chilies, vegetables, particularly the Northern white cabbage, together with duck, pork, chicken, seafood, beef, lamb are among the main supplies of the local delicacies. Beijing duck, Mongolion hot pot with lamb and beef, skewered mutton, Shandong chicken with cabbage and abalone are a few popular local dishes.
ShoppingThere are many modern shopping malls and shopping places in Beijing.
The traditional arts and crafts are pretty well developed.
The China World Shopping Mall hosting the latest fashions from around the world, Lufthansa Shopping Centre including from beauty products to clothing outlets, Pacific Shopping Centre being home to cosmetics, clothes for men and women, accessories, Beijing One World Department Store containing local and domestic brands are among the many shopping stores of the city.
The Ladies' Street at Lufthansa district is the place of trendy boutiques for women.
White jade, Mao memorabilia, brushes, silks, silk scarves, pearls, chops, inks, scrolls, handicrafts , antiques, embroidered purses, paper cuttings, wooden and bronze Buddha statues, kites all are from the local shopping world.
Two Valuable Legacies In China
Relations between Turkey and China, opposite ends of the Silk Road, one of the world’s oldest and busiest trade routes, go way back. China and the Far East literally teem with fascinating mementos of those relations, in late-period Ottoman foreign policy especially. Beijing Hamidiye University and Niujie Mosque are two outstanding examples of that long-standing relationship. THE BOSPHORUS-CHINA SEA CULTURAL CONNECTION The joyous demonstrations by Chinese Muslims had long since begun when the nine-member Turkish delegation that set sail on the Nemçe in 1901 at the behest of Sultan Abdulhamid II arrived safe and sound in Shanghai harbor following a long journey. The purpose of the delegation’s risk-fraught voyage was to strengthen ties between China’s Muslims, who numbered about sixty million at the time, and Istanbul, seat of the caliphate. Following that first delegation, a religious scholar by the name of Muhammed Ali Bey was dispatched in 1902 to sustain the relations without interruption. IMAM HAOREN IN ISTANBUL As a result of these developing relations, Imam Wang Haoren, a leading Chinese Muslim scholar and social leader, came to the capital Istanbul following a Hajj pilgrimage he made in 1906 and was received in audience by Sultan Abdulhamid II. Studying the Ottoman educational system closely during his stay in the city, Imam Haoren was gifted a large number of books and a significant amount of aid on his departure. A founder of specialized schools in the Ottoman educational system, Sultan Abdulhamid II revealed to his guest his plan to found a university in China. Wang Haoren, an enlightened man who appreciated the importance of modernization in education, heartily supported the sultan’s proposal. OTTOMAN ACADEMICS IN CHINA In 1907, two well-known Ottoman astronomers, Muallim Ali Rıza Efendi and Muallim Hafız Hasan Efendi of Bursa, arrived in China to visit Imam Wang Haoren and bring Sultan Abdulhamid II’s project to fruition. With the arrival of these two Ottoman men of learning, concrete steps began to be taken to establish a cultural bridge that would bind together the two peoples despite their separation by thousands of kilometers. POINT OF DEPARTURE: NIUJIE MOSQUE Ali Rıza Efendi and Hafız Hasan Efendi and their Chinese colleagues finalized the project at the Niujie Mosque, in whose back garden the construction was to be undertaken. Following a year of feverish activity, Beijing Hamidiye University, which still stands today, opened its doors to students eager to learn in China. A modest edifice, the university, known originally as ‘Dar’ul Ulum’el Hamidiyye’, continues to be a bridge of culture between two close friends in faraway places today. THE OLDEST MOSQUE IN BEIJING Niujie Mosque is one of the oldest centers of the Islamic religion in China. A place of worship, construction of which began in 996 during China’s Liao Dynasty, it was expanded and rebuilt during the Qing Dynasty, becoming Beijing’s oldest and largest mosque when it was completed in 1722. The building, which stands with its annexes on a 10,000-square meter piece of land, is one of the finest examples of traditional Chinese architecture. THE MOSQUE MUSEUM Extant artifacts that keep the memory of the past alive in memory are exhibited at the Niujie Mosque’s modest museum. A MOSQUE COMPLEX Niujie Mosque is a complex. Together with the venues that house the complex, which is surrounded by walls, it fosters social and cultural exchange between Chinese Muslims. WHEN DID WE NOTICE? Discovered by Prof. Dr. İhsan Sırma, Hamidiye University’s location today inside the Niujie Mosque Complex was first brought to light by the Anatolian News Agency’s China correspondent, Ali İhsan Çam. DETAILS OF Niujie MOSQUE 1 Panel showing the daily prayer times. 2 A noteworthy framed calligraphic inscription of the ‘Besmele’. 3 Shades of red and blue are the mosque’s predominant colors. 4 Typical Chinese decoration comes together with Islamic calligraphy in the mosque. 5 Niujie Mosque presents a unique synthesis with its calligraphy and illumination on wood.
Ticket Sales Offices : Beijing
|THY Sales Office - Beijing|
|Address||C810, Beijing Lufthansa Center, 50 Liang Ma Qiao Road , Chaoyang District 100016, Beijing / P.R.China|
|Phone||86-10-6465 1867 / 68 / 69 /70|
|firstname.lastname@example.org - email@example.com|
|THY Airport - Beijing|
|Address||Counter D, Terminal 3 , Beijing Capital International Airport, Beijing / P.R.China|
|Phone||86-10-6453 0355 / 56|
|Fax||86-10-64 53 03 54|
|firstname.lastname@example.org - email@example.com|
Sales and Ticketing starts at 20.30 (local time) everyday at the Counter D located in Terminal 3.
Beijing : Airport Information
Address : Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited, Capital Airport, Beijing, China, 100621 Phone : +86 10 6456 3220
Beijing : Airport Map Information
- Fri 13°C
- Sat 11°C
- Sun 9°C
|Monetary Unit||:||Yuan (RMB)|
|Phone Code||:||+ 86 10|