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City Guide : DonetskThe foundation of the city Donetsk dates back to the year 1869. In the region, which has rich coal mines, first a iron and steel factory and then a city were built following the orders of the Tzar. The control and management of the region, then called “Donbas” was given to an English businessman and engineer Djon Yuz. Because of that, the city was known as “Yuzovka” initially, until it was changed to Stalino in 1924. The name “Donetski” has been used since the year 1961. The city was the largest industrial center of the Soviet Union. Nowadays, it is among the largest and most beautiful cities within the borders of Ukraine, and it is treated as the eastern capital of the country. Donetsk, also known as “the city of roses”, has an important place in the subjects of industry, scientific research, and culture. The football team of the city, Shakhtar Donetsk, has become widely known in Europe in the recent years.
Tourist AttractionsThe second largest monastery of Ukraine, Svyatagorsk, is in Donetsk. The monastery which contains many churches and caves, is very informative about the local religious service and way of living of the past. The Opera House, Lenin Square, the famous Artoma Street, National Park, and the National Museum are top spots to visit.
One of the largest rock salt mines of the world is in Donetsk as well. The mine is located 300 meters below the ground and it consists of many labyrinths and chambers.Salt mines are used for the purpose of treating many illnesses at the present time. The mine is also open to anyone who would like to just visit.
Culture & EntertainmentDonetsk is very rich regarding the scope of social life. In Ukraine, it is also known as a cafe paradise, such that there are more than 200 cafes, restaurants, and entertainment centers in the city. Also, three theatres, 53 cultural and social facilities, 20 movie theatres, a circus, regional fine arts museum and observatory are located in Donetsk
Glamorous shows are presented in the Donetsk State Academy Russian Opera and Ballet Theatre. Vocalists Anatoly Solovolanenko and Juriy Guljayev, ballet Vadim Pisarev, ballerina Imna Dorofeeva, and jazz musician Valeriy Kolesnikov can be mentioned among the city’s globally famous artist.
Food & DrinkA city of culture and industry, Donetsk hosts many students and high level foreign employees. This brings about the large number of restaurants serving great examples of the cuisines of the world. Georgian, Italian, Turkish, Uzbek, and French restaurants are top quality, following the Russian restaurants.
The Ukrainian general eating mentality comprises of three main aspects. “Pervoye” meaning the first part, generally contains appetizers such as soup or salad. The
”Bortsch” soup is the star of this section. For “Ftoroye” meaning the second part meat, chicken, or fish aith potatoes are eaten. “Tretye” meaning the third, contains compote or dessert.
Due to the climate of the region, vegetables that can endure cold weather such as cabbage, potatoes, and turnips are abundantly consumed. Also smoked fish, chicken and meat are often eaten.
Chicken, meat and fish patties are known as “katlety.”. Patties made with chicken, which are known as “kievsky” throughout the world, are quite delicious. Fish is usually kept dried or marinated. Freshwater fish are more common. Carp, sheatfish, sturgeon, and crane are the kinds of freshwater fish that are consumed the most. As for sea fish, there are a large red mullet called “barabulga”, mackerel, and turbot. Black and red caviar are highly popular.
Dairy has an important place in traditional eating habits. The special cream called “Smetana” which can be added to any dish or dessert, is very much liked. Kashkaval cheese, curd cheese, yogurt and kefir are consumed very widely. Long winters made varieties of jams and pickles common.
Among pastries, “pelmeni” which is very similar to ravioli, is quite famous. “Vareniki” which can be described as ravioli with cherries and curd cheese, is also very popular. Whole grain bread is very common in the country. They taste good, too.
The biggest shopping mall in Donetsk region. The shopping centre will be a pleasant surprise for everyone, and your shopping will become a real satisfaction.
Features: boutiques, accessories, souvenirs, supermarket, cinema halls, cafes, bowling, children playground, travel agency.
Working hours: 10:00-22:00, entertainment zone - till the last guest
Address: 130 Artyoma St.
Bely Lebed' (White Swan)
Zolotoye Kol'tso (Golden Ring)
City Of Football And Surprises
With a population of close to two million, Donetsk is Ukraine’s leading center for industry, minerals, metal, education, science, culture and sports, as well as one of its four largest cities. Known as the ‘City of a Million Roses’, Donetsk is famous for its parks which spread through nine different districts along the banks of the Calmius River that flows through the middle of the city. With its warm, hospitable people, Donetsk is also cheaper and safer than Ukraine’s capital Kiev and other big cities.
A STROLL DOWN ARTYOMA STREET
Come now and let’s take a brief stroll through this city, which has a lot more to offer than meets the eye. In almost all the cities in the Russian zone, a main drag runs through the city center from one end to the other, and Donetsk is no exception. The city’s vital artery, Artyoma Street joins together several parks, art and culture centers, shopping malls and cafes and restaurants along its length. During your stroll down the street, you can stop at the Opera and Ballet Theater for details about the latest performances as well as taking a glance at what’s playing at the Shevchenko Movie Theater. All along this avenue you will encounter monuments of history and culture. The Tsar Cannonball, for example, aka Tsar Pushkya, known to be one of the world’s largest cast iron cannonballs, is a typical Russian cannonball made in the 16th century but never used. Another must-see on your Artyoma stroll is the cathedral. Conspicuous for its numerous domes and delicate architectural decoration, this temple is a favorite stop with tourists.
At the intersection of Artyoma Street with other avenues almost smack dab in the city center you will come across Lenin Square, the city’s main address for culture, art and entertainment. Boasting the Donetsk Drama Theater, concert center, the city’s leading hotels and a wide variety of dining and drinking establishments, Lenin Square is alive at every hour of the day. One of the icons of the square is a statue of Lenin, for whom it is named. Besides symbolizing the city’s history, this statue also plays host to a Donetsk ritual. Members of the middle-aged generation in particular bury letters here embodying for the younger generation their ideas and expectations for the future. How seriously the young take these letters is anybody’s guess, but don’t be surprised if you run across someone burying something in the ground around Lenin’s statue. Meanwhile the water fountain and pool on the other side of the square, known as the Music Fountain, will enable you to witness how water dances to the sound of music.
WORLD AND SPACE
The Planetarium is another site not to be missed in Donetsk. Thanks to the special ‘barcovision’ technology employed at the Planetarium with its various informative sections on outer space and the planets, you will witness to the beauty and mystery of the universe in three-dimensional installations. Not only that, it’s a unique opportunity for the children.
The botanical garden is another place in which Donetsk residents take pride, not hesitating to praise at every opportunity. One of Europe’s largest manmade eco-systems, its creation was motivated primarily by the city’s heavy industry. Set up for the purpose of analyzing the environmental impact of industry and conducting research on counter-measures, in addition its scientific benefits, this park today offers visitors a fairy tale world of plants with everything from lilacs and roses to tropical flowers.
PARADISE OF PARKS
Parks are a typical feature of cities founded on rivers, and Donetsk is surrounded by them on all sides. Didn’t we say that there was a surprise lurking round every corner? Well, many of those little surprises are waiting in the city’s parks. At Sherbakova Park, for example, you will find a zoo. In another park there is a metal sculpture at every turn, as if you have stepped into an open air sculpture gallery. In one of the parks on Artyoma Street the giant Bochum Bell, a gift of the German city of Bochum for which it is named, will suddenly loom before you. Meanwhile in another park whose modern stadium is not yet completed, you will literally lose yourself in the luxuriant landscape with its myriad shades of green. And you will realize that the river is not only the life blood of Donetsk industry but of life in general, for it is this park that has earned the city the epithet ‘City of a Million Roses’.
Another big surprise awaits you under the ground: the salt mines. Salt was first discovered in the area in the 17th century. The salt in Donetsk’s Artyemisk region, one of the world’s biggest salt mines today, is said to be the highest quality salt in the world, and touristic excursions are even organized to the quarry. The temperature in the salt mine, which is reached following a descent of several minutes 300 meters under the ground by elevator, is a constant 15 degrees. The world’s first underground sanatorium was constructed here in this mine where saturation with salt produces an air composition in which dust and many harmful microorganisms cannot survive, and a large number of sick people are treated here in the mine’s pure air. The salt quarry also boasts one of the world’s largest underground galleries, which, with its magnificent acoustics, is sometimes used to host concerts.
Another source of pride for Donetsk is without a doubt the famous athlete Sergei Bubka. Bubka, who has inscribed his name in gold letters in the annals of pole vaulting with several records as well as countless championships, came here at the age of fifteen with his trainer and left a profound mark on the city. Bubka’s statue rises in Donetsk today as if to immortalize that legacy.
But beyond Bubka’s popularity, it is soccer and its rising star, Shakthar Donetsk, that sets the sports agenda in Donetsk today. Defeating Werder Bremen in the finals played in Istanbul, UEFA champion Shakthar has turned Donetsk into a household name around the world in recent years.
One thing is sure, namely, that Donetsk city is that anyone with a yen for exploring, a delight in surprises and a natural curiosity about the values little things can add to life and a town will not regret visiting.
Currently trained by Mircea Lucescu, former trainer of Istanbul’s Galatasaray and Beşiktaş teams, Shakthar Donetsk is the city’s pride and joy. So much so that love of soccer knows no bounds in this city where one of Europe’s most modern stadiums, the Donbass Arena, has gone up in recent months to the tune of 400 million dollars. The stadium is a big plus for Ukraine as soccer madness peaks during the city’s preparations to host the 2012 European Football Championship together with Poland.
WHAT TO EAT
While in Donetsk, we highly recommend trying the Borscht soup, made with various vegetables. Potatoes also have an important place in Ukranian cuisine – the ravioli-like vareniki is one of their most special dishes.
WHAT TO BUY
Flowers come to mind with Donetsk. It’s quite possible to pass five florists along the way even when buying a bottle of water. Don’t worry about transporting the flower back home, they have ways to take care of it.
HOW TO GET THERE
Turkish Airlines flies both ways between Istanbul and Donetsk on Tuesdays and Fridays. Flights depart from Istanbul at 9:00 AM and from Donetsk at 12:00 PM.
Ticket Sales Offices : Donetsk
|Address||127 Artema, Donetsk|
0038 062 304 0856
Call Center:0800 501 207
|Fax||+38 062 312 0892|
|firstname.lastname@example.org - email@example.com.|
Weekdays 08:00-12:00 / 13:00-17:00
|FF CARGO SERVICE UKRAIN LTD.|
|Address||FF Cargo Services Ukraine LTD. Ukraine 08307 Boryspıl Airport, Cargo Termianal Office 75|
00 380 44 591 7894 / 00 380 50 351 3068
00 380 50 440 4058 / 00 380 50 440 4056
Donetsk : Airport Information
Address : DONETSK INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Phone : (+38 062) 344 73 22 - (+38 062) 332 00 67
Donetsk : Airport Map Information
- Sun 28°C
- Mon 29°C
- Tue 25°C
|Phone Code||:||+380 62|