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City Guide : Medinah
Medina, located 193 kilometers away from the Red Sea at the western part of Saudi Arabia, is the fourth largest city of the country. The city which used to have the name Yesrib was also called Medirra, Medirke, Meddiyne, and Mezzine previously.
When Prophet Muhammed migrated 338 kilometers away from Mecca to Yesrib in 622, he had changed the name of the city as “Medina Munawara (The Enlighted City).” Medine, where the grave of Prophet Muhammed is located, is also known as Madinat an-Nabi (The City of Prophets). The city is full of visitors not only during the Hajj but also for Umrah. During the rule of Abdulhamid II, railroad tracks were built to Medine, which remained to be under Ottoman rule for centuries after 1517, lowering the time of travel between İstanbul and Medina to 3 days. Medina, which ceased to be under Ottoman rule after the First World War, was made a part of the Saudi Arabian lands by the Ibn Suud family in 1924.
Medina, being one of the two most important Hajj stops together with Mecca today, hosts millions of Muslims every year.
Tourist AttractionsAl- Masjid al-Nabawi (The Mosque of the Prophet): Built following Hijra by Prophet Muhammed and the sahaba-his companions-, Al-Masjid al-Nabawi is the second holiest mosque of the Islamic World following Al-Masjid al-Haram (The Sacred Mosque) in Mecca. Al-Mesjid al-Nabawi used to be a plain building, a masjid with pillars of palm trunks, roof of palm branches, and surrounded by walls equal to a man’s height. It was rebuilt after the earthquake in 654 and its construction continued throughout the periods of the Abbasid caliphs and the Umayyad caliphs.In addition to the grave of Prophet Muhammed, those of Abu Bakr and Uthman Ibn Affan are also located in this mosque.
Uhud Mountain and Cemetery: One of the most important battles in the Islamic history was fought on the skirts of the 110 meter high Uhud Mountain located 5 kilometers away from Al-Masjid al-Nabawi. Visitors arriving for Hajj visit the cemetery of martyrs, the bowmen’s hill, the other areas that the battle took place, and the graves of 70 sahaba together with the grave of Hazma ibn `Abd al-Muttalib.
Seven Masjids: In this area where Battle of the Trench was fought, seven small masjids were built very close to each other, where the tents of the army commanders were located. They are called “the Seven Masjids” and anyone who comes to Medina for Hajj visits the masjids.
Masjid al-Qiblatain (Mosque of the Two Qiblas): One day, Prophet Muhammed had started leading the prayer at this mosque -5 kilometers away from Al-Masjid al-Nabawi- towards Al-Masjid al-Aqsa as always but turned towards Kaaba for the last two Raka’ahs of the prayer. For this reason, this mosque is called Masjid al-Qiblatain meaning the masjid with two qiblas.
Masjid al-Quba (The Quba Mosque): It is the first mosque built for praying together as a community. Prophet Muhammed, while migrating from Mecca to Medina, had stayed in Quba which is 5 kilometers away from Medina, for 14 days, had built a mosque there in this period of time and prayed there.
Masjid-e-Jummah: Prophet Muhammed had stayed in Quba during Hijra and delivered his first khutba in the prayer area where the mosque is now located, 350 meters away from Masjid al-Quba. The mosque was built referring to this incident.
Jannat al-Baqi Cemetery: Uthman bin Maz’oon was the first person to be buried in this cemetery, for which Prophet Muhammed had chosen the location. After the burial, Prophet Muhammed said, putting the stones he had brought to the upper and lower ends of the grave, “This is the first one among us who has departed for the afterlife.” Many members of the Prophet’s family including his deceased son Abraham were buried in this cemetery.
Masjid-e-Ali: It is located 290 meters away from Al-Masjid al-Nabawi. Prophet Muhammed lead Salat al Eid, the special prayer for the two Islamic festivals, here.
Masjid-e-Abu Bakr: This masjid, located at the corner of Amiddiye street, is known by this name, because Abu Bakr Siddiq lead the Salat al Eid, special prayer for festivals, here.
Masjid-e-Umar: It is located 455 meters away from Al-Masjid al-Nabawi. Umar ibn al-Khattap had led the Salat al Eid, the special prayer for festivals, here. The mosque is not open for worship today.
Masjid-e-Ghamama: It is also known as the Masjid of Musalla. It is rumored that Prophet Muhammed had led his first and last four Salad al Eid, special prayers for festivals, here. The masjid made of 10 domes, large and small, built under the order of the Ottoman Sultan Abdulmecid I, resemble clouds.
City Walls: Outside the city, there is a fortress, the height of which varies between 9 and 12 meters, built in the 12th century with an oval shape. Among the four entrances to the fortress guarded by towers, Bab-al Salam meaning the Gate to Egypt is the most magnificient one.
Culture & EntertainmentMedina, the city in which the first Islamic state was founded, is one of the two centers of the Islamic culture. All of the historical works located in the city are among the most important buildings of the Islamic history and culture. A project with a 7 billion dollar budget, under the name of Knowledge Economic City of Medina was started in 2006 by the Saudi Arabian government. Medina will have a structure that belongs to the modern culture with this project, which aims to widen Medina’s scope to cover all the world through building an information based, city of economy.
Food & DrinkIn Medina, you can find restaurants that offer you the cuisines of every Muslim country. Especially the cuisines of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh are commonly offered. It is possible to find a few Turkish restaurants as well. Also you may come across Chinese, Indonesian and Egyptian restaurants. In addition to all these, there are many foreign and local fast food restaurants. If you are staying at a luxury hotel, you can safely eat there. The foods that you may find for low prices on the streets are the vegetarian sandwich “shwarma taamiya”, the bean “foul” and the “tameez” which are foods wrapped in tortillas. Fruits are reasonably priced in Medina.
ShoppingIn Medina, you can find items especially suitable for Hajj shopping. Among them are prayer-beads, magnets with pictures of holy places, pictures, the Qur’an, and clocks with recordings of Adhan (ezan)-the Islamic call for prayer. In addition to souvenir shops located close to the holy places, you can also find any item you want in the luxury shopping centers. You can find electronics with low prices, but always be sure to bargain. Many Turks do business in Medina, you are sure to come across them.
Ticket Sales Offices : Medinah
|THY City Sales Office - Madinah|
|Address||ABUBAKUR AL-SEDDIQ STR. (SULTANAH) NEAR ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY, GOTH PLAZA. P.O.BOX : 3880 MADINAH 41481|
|Phone||00966 14 8427865 - 00966 14 8454475|
|Fax||00966 14 8453121|
WORKING HOURS 09:00-17:30 (FRIDAY CLOSED)
|Address||PRINCE MOHAMMED BIN ABDULAZIZ INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT. TERMINAL NO. 4|
|Phone||00966 14 8427865 - 00966 14 8454475 EXT : 54665/54666/54669|
|Fax||00966 14 8453121|
WORKING HOURS 10:00-18:00 / 22:00-06:00
|THY Airport Office - Medinah|
|Address||PRINCE MOHAMMED BIN ABDULAZIZ INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT|
|Phone||(00966) 4 8427865|
|Fax||(00966) 4 8427865|
10:00- 18:00 / 22:00-0600
|AL-Tayyar Cargo Services - Medinah|
|Address||PRINCE ABDULMAJEED STR. ALMASRA DISTRICT, P.O.BOX 6210 MADINA|
|Phone||00966 14 8158537|
|Fax||00966 14 8152723|
09:00-12:00 / 16:00-22:00 (FRIDAY CLOSED)
Medinah : Airport Information
Address : Phone : (00966) 4 842 0000
Medinah : Airport Map Information
- Fri 17°C
- Sat 19°C
- Sun 12°C
|Monetary Unit||:||Saudi Riyal|
|Phone Code||:||00 966 4|