Since the 17th century, much investment has been made in the industry and agriculture of Voronezh, and it’s one of the most important cities in southwest Russia. Voronezh is home to the Headquarters of the Southeastern Railway, infrastructure which has played a crucial role throughout Russia's history as it served as a gateway between the capital Moscow, and Ukraine and Caucasia. The city witnessed the horrors of the Second World War, and still carries the traces of Soviet rule. It's also home to one of Russia's most prestigious institutions of education, Voronezh University, which was established in the 19th century. Its students bring a vibrancy which makes the city all the more special.